Instructional Designer Article Published
Ritzhaupt, A. D. & Kumar, S. (2015). Knowledge and skills needed by instructional designers in higher education. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 28(3), 51 – 69.
Abstract: In this paper, we sought to address the following research question: What knowledge and skills are needed by instructional designers in higher educa- tion to be successful in their roles? We interviewed eight instructional design- ers from across the United States, all working for institutions of higher edu- cation. Using the constant comparative method, we analyzed our data to iden- tify relevant themes. Our results suggest that instructional designers in higher education must have a solid founda- tion in instructional design and learning theory, possess soft skills and technical skills, and have a willingness to learn on the job. Most instructional design- ers felt their academic backgrounds assisted them with their job roles, and, in particular, valued their professional experiences. Instructional designers in higher education must also keep abreast of multiple emerging informa- tion and communication technologies. We provide a discussion to synthesize our fi ndings. The fi ndings are relevant to professionals, professional academic programs, and professional associations.